guy with dog and cat ESAs

Can I Have Two Emotional Support Animals?

Navigating life’s challenges can be less daunting with emotional support from a pet. Emotional support animals (ESAs) are more than just pets; they’re companions that provide therapeutic benefits to individuals with mental or emotional conditions. Unlike service animals, which are trained to perform specific tasks for people with disabilities, ESAs offer comfort and support simply through their presence. If you’ve found solace in one ESA and are considering whether you can have multiple to further enhance your well-being, you’re not alone in this query.

The simple answer is that it’s possible to have more than one ESA if your situation necessitates it. Many individuals with emotional or psychological disabilities find that having multiple ESAs provides them with a wider support system, as different animals can offer different types of companionship and comfort. It’s crucial, however, to understand that each ESA must be prescribed by a licensed mental health professional who acknowledges that the presence of these animals is a necessary part of your mental health treatment.

The Process of Having Multiple ESAs

If you’re considering multiple emotional support animals (ESAs), understanding the process involved is essential. Qualifying for more than one ESA follows similar steps as obtaining one, but with additional considerations for each animal’s role in your treatment.

Step 1: Assess Your Needs You need a thorough assessment by a mental health professional to determine whether multiple ESAs can support your well-being effectively. Each animal should have a clear purpose in your therapy plan.

Step 2: Documentation from a Mental Health Professional Your therapist or doctor must provide a letter stating that you have a diagnosed mental or emotional condition and that multiple ESAs are part of your treatment. This is a fundamental requirement.

Step 3: Housing Considerations You can have more than one ESA regardless of housing policies against pets. However, you’ll need to ensure your living space can reasonably accommodate each ESA. For instance, some larger animals may not be suitable for smaller apartments.

Step 4: Understand the Legal Protections Legally, multiple ESAs are recognized similarly to a single ESA. Thus, you’re protected under housing laws. However, public access rights, like those for service animals, do not apply to ESAs.

Step 5: Practicality and Welfare Always consider the welfare of each animal. You must be able to provide for the health and space needs of multiple ESAs.

Responsibilities of ESA Owners

Owning emotional support animals (ESAs) comes with specific responsibilities to ensure their well-being and compliance with regulations.

Meeting ESA Care Requirements

Your ESAs rely on you for their basic needs, which encompass more than just love and companionship. It’s essential to maintain routine care, including:

  • Feeding: Provide a balanced diet appropriate for each animal’s age, size, and health.
  • Grooming: Regular grooming not only keeps your ESAs looking their best but is also vital for their overall health.
  • Cleaning: Keep living spaces clean and sanitary to protect both pet health and human safety.

Proper care also includes animal training, which enhances the safety and well-being of both the handler and the ESA. Even though ESAs aren’t expected to perform tasks like service dogs, they should be well-behaved and not disrupt others.

Understanding the Distinction from Service Animals

ESA owners should clearly understand the differences between ESAs and service dogs, as this affects their rights:

  • Tasks and Work: ESAs do not perform specific tasks related to disabilities, as service dogs do. Instead, they provide general comfort and support.
  • Rights and Access: Unlike service dogs, ESAs are not granted access to all public areas. Always check rules and regulations concerning ESAs before bringing them to a new location.

When handling your ESAs, you’re not just a pet owner; you’re a handler managing animals that have a specific role in supporting your mental and emotional health.

Species and Types of ESAs

dog and cat closeup

Your emotional support animal (ESA) can be many different species, each with its specific attributes that can benefit you emotionally and psychologically.

Common ESA Species

Dogs and Cats: By far, dogs and cats are the most common emotional support animals. Their capacity for companionship makes them excellent for assistance in managing conditions like depression and anxiety.

  • Emotional Support Dogs: They are often chosen for their loyalty and tendency to form strong bonds with their owners.
  • Cats: They’re typically lower maintenance than dogs, and their independent nature can provide comfort without the need for constant attention.

Rabbits: Known for their calming presence and ease of handling, rabbits make for quiet and comforting ESAs.

Birds: While less common, birds can form deep bonds with their owners and their interaction can provide welcome emotional support.

Unusual ESA Choices

Horses: While not suited for an apartment living situation, miniature horses have been recognized for their therapeutic benefits and can be considered as ESAs under certain conditions.

Pigs: Known for their intelligence and social nature, pigs can be trained as ESAs but are less conventional due to size and care requirements.

It’s important to consider local laws and housing regulations when choosing your ESA, as some species may not be allowed in certain living situations.

Navigating ESA Regulations

When it comes to having emotional support animals (ESAs), you’ll need to be well-informed about various regulations, from local laws to travel policies. 

Understanding Local and State Laws

Local and state laws can limit the number of ESAs you can own. While federal regulations such as the Fair Housing Act (FHA) support the right to live with ESAs, your state or city might have different stipulations on animal types or maximum numbers allowed. Make sure to check your local ordinances to avoid legal issues. It’s essential to know that while ESAs are recognized for housing purposes, they don’t enjoy the same public access rights as service animals under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).

Engaging with Housing Providers

When you’re a tenant with ESAs, your rights are protected under the FHA which mandates reasonable accommodations for your animals, regardless of pet policies. Here’s what housing providers must adhere to:

  • No breed or weight discrimination: Your ESAs can’t be rejected based on their breed or size.
  • No pet fees or deposits: You shouldn’t be charged extra for having ESAs.

Remember: Always communicate with your housing provider and provide them with an ESA letter from a licensed healthcare professional, detailing your need for multiple ESAs.

ESA Travel Policies

Airlines have different policies regarding ESAs and these changed significantly after the Department of Transportation (DOT) updated its regulations. As of now, ESAs are not entitled to the same access as service animals on planes and airlines may require documentation or restrict certain types of animals from flying. Before you plan your trip, check with the airline about their specific ESA policies to ensure smooth travels.

Keep in mind that while housing providers must accommodate your ESAs, airlines operate under different guidelines and may not have to accommodate multiple ESAs. Always prepare by reviewing the airline’s policies well in advance.

Frequently Asked Questions

Navigating the rules around having multiple emotional support animals (ESAs) can be complex. Here are the answers to some of the most common questions you might have.

Can a landlord legally limit the number of emotional support animals in a rental unit?

Your landlord can’t arbitrarily limit the number of ESAs you have. However, they may be able to set limitations if having multiple ESAs becomes unreasonable or imposes an undue burden on the housing provider, such as significantly impairing the use of the premises for other tenants.

What is the maximum number of emotional support animals one can have in an apartment?

There isn’t a specific legal maximum number of ESAs you can have in an apartment. It depends on your ability to provide proper care and management for each animal, and whether the presence of multiple animals complies with local housing laws and the policies of the specific apartment complex.

Are there state-specific regulations for owning multiple emotional support animals, such as in California?

Yes, different states may have specific regulations regarding ESAs. In California, for instance, the law is generally accommodating to ESAs, but it’s still a good idea to check for any particular rules or requirements that may apply to owning multiple ESAs in your state.